Romeo & Juliet - Acte V

Publié le par Amandine

ACTE V – scene 1

  • R. in very good humor

  • R. gas dreamed that he died and J.'s kisses breathed life back into his body

    > but as Mercutio says I, 4 “Dreamers often lie”

  • R.'s soliloquy is full of dramatic irony because the dream anticipates the play's final scene

  • tragedy is imminent when Balthasar arrives wearing boots – a harbinger (signe avant-coureur) of doom (condamnation) in classical theater

  • fate

  • melodramatic idealism > anger

  • this moment of defiance marks a change in R.'s character : his anger and frustration drive him to take command of his own life

  • his resolve to die echoes J.'s expression that her last resort is her sanctuary

  • the cadaverous apothecary is a personification of death

  • violently as hasty powder fired” recalls the Friar : violent loves die “like fire and powder”

  • each event tease the viewer with a morsel of hope, then tragic conclusion

  • - R.'s hasty reaction to Mercutio's death causes his banishment

    - Capulet's rash decision to move up the wedding day precipitates Romeo missing the message

    - R.'s haste to consume the poison causes him to die just prior to J.'s awakening

    => haste throughout the play act as a vehicle for fate to draw characters through a series of unfortunate coincidences that form the plot of the tragedy itself


ACTE V – scene 2

  • fate has once again altered the course of events in the play

  • Unhappy fortune!” echoes R.'s earlier cry that became “fortune's fool”

  • overwhelming (accablant) sense of desperation

  • the audience may recall the Friar's words from II, 3 that the earth is nature's mother that her “burying grave...is her womb”


ACTE V – scene 3

  • transcendent reunion of R. & J.

  • reconciliation of the feuding families

  • the family tomb becomes a symbol of both birth and death

  • R. has separated himself from his family, from the feud, from Verona, and now from his humanity

  • this last scene, appropriately, takes place in the dark of night : R. & J.'s relationship flourished at night, and each provided the other with light

  • in his final speech, R. once again uses light and dark imagery to describe J.

  • such images make the audience all the more aware, making their end in darkness all the more tragic

  • these images also suggest a spiritual light

  • she still looks alive, which amplified the dramatic tension (we know that J. is awaking)

  • in a example of bleak (sombre) irony, R.'s attraction to her even on death emboldens (encourage) him

  • once again theme of love, sex, and death become inextricably intertwined

  • reunion in this scene is not only spiritual but also sexual (Elizabethan meaning of death as sexual climax) :

    - R. drinks the poison from the round vial (fiole) > an allusion to female sexuality

    - J. stabs herself with R.'s dagger > a phallic image symbolizing the reconsummation of their marriage

  • they leave their bodies as monuments to depth of their love + signs of the tragic waste that is feud's legacy (héritage)

  • Paris' challenge to R. parallels Tybalt's challenge in III, 1 > R. responded similarly to Tybalt's insults

    => they are both victims of fate

  • Paris' death, like Mercutio's, is tragic in that he never knew the love shared by R. &J.

  • R.'s compassion from Paris is understandable : the pain of an unrequited love is not foreign to R. (Rosaline)

  • Like R., Paris is a worthy suitor of good character and noble intent

  • J.'s death indicates her dignity and strength of character (stabbing the most noble form of suicide)

  • the end manifests the very essence of the tragedy itself

  • the moral lessons that the survivors learn seem obtuse

  • the soul of the tragedy is not constituted in the joy they had and lost ; rather, lies in the joy that could never last in this world

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Commenter cet article

Vincent 08/06/2008 13:10

Youpi ! Ca nous sert beaucoup en anglais pour un BAC-L qui se déroule en France et est en français.